Why graphite is soft but Diamond is hard explain?

The carbon atoms in graphite appear to bond with weaker intermolecular forces, allowing the layers to move over one another. The weak intermolecular forces are known as the weak Van der Waals forces. Therefore, diamond is hard but graphite is soft and slippery even though both have carbon present in them.

Why diamond is hard and graphite is soft Class 10?

Graphite is soft because it has weak inter molecular forces between its layers. Diamond is hard due to its giant covalent lattice and it has many strong covalent bonds.

Why is graphite a softer mineral than diamond?

Now, the part that makes the graphite softer than diamond is that the flat ‘sheets’ of carbon are bonded together by a much weaker bond than covalent bonds , called Van Der Waals forces. These are the bonds that break first to make graphite a soft substance.

Why is the hardness of diamond and graphite different?

In a diamond, the carbon atoms are arranged tetrahedrally. … This accounts for diamond’s hardness, extraordinary strength and durability and gives diamond a higher density than graphite (3.514 grams per cubic centimeter). Because of its tetrahedral structure, diamond also shows a great resistance to compression.

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Why is diamond very hard?

The outermost shell of each carbon atom has four electrons. In diamond, these electrons are shared with four other carbon atoms to form very strong chemical bonds resulting in an extremely rigid tetrahedral crystal. It is this simple, tightly-bonded arrangement that makes diamond one of the hardest substances on Earth.

Why is diamond hard class 11?

In diamond the octet of each carbon atom is completed. Structure of the diamond is a rigid three dimensional network. This causes high density and hardness to the diamond. Diamond is chemically inactive due to its rigid three dimensional structure.

Are Diamonds hard?

Diamonds are made of carbon so they form as carbon atoms under a high temperature and pressure; they bond together to start growing crystals. … That’s why a diamond is such a hard material because you have each carbon atom participating in four of these very strong covalent bonds that form between carbon atoms.

Why is graphite an electrical conductor but diamond is not?

Graphite can conduct electricity because of the delocalised (free) electrons in its structure. These arise because each carbon atom is only bonded to 3 other carbon atoms. … However, in diamond, all 4 outer electrons on each carbon atom are used in covalent bonding, so there are no delocalised electrons.

Why graphite is soft and slippery?

Graphite is soft and slippery because its carbon atoms are bound together by weak bonds known as Van der Waal forces. … The bonds that connect the carbon atoms in graphite are very weak, so they are easily broken, which makes graphite seem soft and slippery.

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What is graphite and diamond?

Graphite and diamond are two of the most interesting minerals. They are identical chemically – both are composed of carbon (C), but physically, they are very different. … Graphite is very soft and has a hardness of 1 to 2 on this scale. Diamonds are the hardest known natural substance and have a hardness of 10.

Why do graphite and diamond show different properties?

Answer: The differences in their properties are due to the way the carbon atoms are arranged in their structures, with the tetrahedral structure of diamond forming a hard substance, while the hexagonal structure of graphite forms a softer substance.

How do diamond and graphite differ in their properties?

For example, Graphite and diamond are two different allotropes of carbon.

Explain the difference in properties of diamond and graphite on the basis of their structures.

1) It has a crystalline structure. 1) It has a layered structure.
2) It is made up of tetrahedral units. 2) It has a planar geometry.

How do diamond and graphite differ in their structure?

Diamond: each carbon atom bonds to 4 other carbon atoms, WHILST, Graphite: each carbon atom bonds to 3 other carbon atoms. Thus, diamond bears more of a tetrahedral structure, whereas graphite takes the form of layers. The presence of layers means that atoms can slide over each other easily.