The differing properties of carbon and diamond arise from their distinct crystal structures. In a diamond, the carbon atoms are arranged tetrahedrally. … This accounts for diamond’s hardness, extraordinary strength and durability and gives diamond a higher density than graphite (3.514 grams per cubic centimeter).
Why density of graphite is lower than diamond?
Graphite has a lower density than diamond. This is because of the relatively large amount of space that is “wasted” between the sheets. Graphite is insoluble in water and organic solvents – for the same reason that diamond is insoluble.
Why is diamond different from graphite?
Both have Giant Covalent Structures, resulting in very high melting temperatures. However each carbon atom in Diamond has 4 covalent bonds with other Carbons, making it extremely strong and hard. On the other hand, each carbon in graphite is bonded to three carbons, and therefore graphite is formed in layers.
Is diamond very dense?
It also has a high density, ranging from 3150 to 3530 kilograms per cubic metre (over three times the density of water) in natural diamonds and 3520 kg/m3 in pure diamond.
What is denser than a diamond?
Graphene is the densest two-dimensional material, with unique mechanical and electronic properties and having some electrons moving with near-light velocities and behaving as if they had zero mass.
Why is diamond metastable?
Diamond and Graphite
Diamond is composed of the single element carbon, and it is the arrangement of the C atoms in the lattice that give diamond its amazing properties. … So diamond is said to be metastable, since it is kinetically stable, not thermodynamically stable.
Why is the graphite softer than the diamond even though it is made up of the same substance?
Graphite is a form of carbon in which the carbon atoms form covalent bonds with three other carbon atoms. … These layers can slide over each other, so graphite is much softer than diamond.
Why is a diamond hard?
Diamonds are made of carbon so they form as carbon atoms under a high temperature and pressure; they bond together to start growing crystals. … That’s why a diamond is such a hard material because you have each carbon atom participating in four of these very strong covalent bonds that form between carbon atoms.
Why is diamond hard and graphite is not?
However, diamond is harder than graphite because of the carbon atoms in a diamond form 4 covalent bonds in the form of tetrahedral structure. While the carbon atoms in the graphite form 4 covalent bonds in the form of hexagonal structure. … This is the reason why diamond is harder than graphite.
Why is diamond so hard chemistry?
The outermost shell of each carbon atom has four electrons. In diamond, these electrons are shared with four other carbon atoms to form very strong chemical bonds resulting in an extremely rigid tetrahedral crystal. It is this simple, tightly-bonded arrangement that makes diamond one of the hardest substances on Earth.