Frequent question: What are the gem types?

What are the 7 precious stones in order?

Strictly speaking the precious stones are only seven in number—the diamond, the pearl, the ruby, the sapphire, the emerald, the oriental catseye, and the alexandrite; but to these are often added the so-called semi-precious stones—such as the amethyst, the topaz, the tourmaline, the aquamarine, the chrysoprase, the …

What are the four types of gems?

“Precious stones” is a name that is usually used in reference to four types of gems: diamonds, rubies, sapphires, and emeralds. Precious stones are usually transparent and cut by faceting – like the stones shown in the accompanying image.

What are the 5 main gemstones?

The five traditional cardinal gems are:

  • amethyst (purple) – Rare and precious in the Old World until large deposits were found in Brazil.
  • diamond (white)
  • emerald (green)
  • ruby (red)
  • sapphire (blue)

What are the 9 types of stones?

The nine stones are representative of the planets, the sun, and the moon. These gemstones comprise of Diamond, Ruby, Emerald, Yellow Sapphire, Garnet, Blue Sapphire, Pearl, Cat’s eye and Coral. The entire benefits relates with these stones are bestowed upon the person wearing the ring.

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What is the rarest gem?

Painite : Not just the rarest gemstone, but also the rarest mineral on earth, Painite holds the Guinness World Record for it. After its discovery in the year 1951, there existed only 2 specimens of Painite for the next many decades. By the year 2004, there were less than 2 dozens known gemstones.

Is Pearl a gemstone?

Pearl is one of the oldest, most desired and most spectacular gemstones in the world. Formed differently to most gems, Pearl is an organic creation found in the sea, a natural phenomena that actually occurs as part of the defense mechanism of a mollusc shell.

What are the big 3 gemstones?

Emeralds, Sapphires, and Rubies (the “big 3”) are generally considered precious gemstones where as most other gemstones are considered semi-precious. ( apart from some Spinels). There are several reasons for this.

How many types of gems are there?

There are roughly 200 varieties of natural gemstone known in the world today. Alongside the world’s precious gems (diamond, ruby, sapphire, and emerald) are numerous semi-precious stones, some of which are so incredibly rare that their value outstrips many of the world’s most valuable precious gems.

Is Emerald a sapphire?

Emeralds are a variety of the beryl family of gemstones and are not quite as hard as rubies or sapphires, but they are still very solid and have an indistinct gemstone cleavage. All three stones have a hexagonal crystal structure.

Which stone is most precious?

Top 15 Most Expensive Gemstones In The World

  1. Blue Diamond – $3.93 million per carat. …
  2. Jadeite – $3 million per carat. …
  3. Pink Diamond – $1.19 million per carat. …
  4. Red Diamond – $1,000,000 per carat. …
  5. Emerald – $305,000 per carat. …
  6. Taaffeite – $35,000 per carat. …
  7. Grandidierite – $20,000 per carat. …
  8. Serendibite – $18,000 per carat.
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What are the 12 stones in the Bible?

The Breastplate (Exodus 28:10-30) – Worn over the Ephod was a square breastplate embroidered with gold. It held twelve precious stones set in gold filigree: sardius (ruby), topaz, carbuncle (garnet), emerald, sapphire, diamond, jacinth, agate, amethyst, beryl, onyx and jasper.

What are the four most precious stones?

The four most sought-after precious gemstones are diamonds, sapphires, emeralds, and rubies.

What is King gemstone?

Rubies are regarded as one of the most valuable gemstones and called the “King of Precious Stones”. Named from the Latin word for its hue, rubens, meaning red, the gemstone ruby epitomizes the boldest of colours, and has come to represent the values of desire, passion and power.

What are the six most precious stones?

The World’s Most Valuable (Prized) Gemstones

  • Tanzanite. Discovered in 1967, Tanzanite is found only in northern Tanzania in the Mirerani Hills (in just a 4.3 x 1.2 mile mining area). …
  • Black Opal. …
  • Musgravite. …
  • Red Beryl. …
  • Alexandrite. …
  • Emerald. …
  • Ruby. …
  • Diamond.

What is the opal stone?

Opal is a gem formed from silica-rich waters. It takes its name from the Sanskrit word Upala which means precious stone. Later, it would be called Opallios during Roman times. There are two kinds of Opal – the common opal and the precious opal. Opal meaning is amplification, hope, and purity.