The kimberlite is extracted in enormous quantities using huge trucks and giant steam shovels; the pipe is mined from the surface as an open pit. When it gets too deep, underground mining may begin. Because of the huge quantities of rock involved, the mining is highly mechanized.
How much is a kimberlite diamond worth?
Kimberlites form this region do yield beautiful diamonds which mostly range from very small to a maximum of 3 carats. Customers have found 1/4 carat to 1/2 carat blue diamonds and yellow & clear diamonds between 1/4 and 2 carats within our specimens worth $1,500-$4,000.
How do you process kimberlite?
The kimberlite is first crushed and then processed through the plant, which consists of a series of screens, jigs and scrubbers and a gravity pan or DMS plant to remove lighter particles and create a concentrate of heavy material, which includes the diamonds.
How do you get diamonds out of a rock?
The most common separation method is called dense media separation or DMS. A DMS plant also uses the principal that diamonds are heavier than most of the surrounding rocks and minerals. Most modern DMS plants utilize a hydrocyclone (or ‘cyclone’), which is essentially a large centrifuge.
How is diamond removed from the ore?
The heavy minerals, including diamonds, are separated from waste material based on their density differences in a dense media separation process. In this process, ore is mixed into a ferrosilicon slurry, then fed to a dense media cyclone, where the heavy minerals are separated from the waste.
How do I identify my kimberlite?
kimberlite, also called blue ground, a dark-coloured, heavy, often altered and brecciated (fragmented), intrusive igneous rock that contains diamonds in its rock matrix. It has a porphyritic texture, with large, often rounded crystals (phenocrysts) surrounded by a fine-grained matrix (groundmass).
Are kimberlites valuable?
Economic importance of Kimberlite
Kimberlites are the most important source of diamonds in the world. About 6,400 kimberlite pipes have been discovered in the world, of those about 900 have been classified as diamondiferous, and of those just over 30 have been economic enough to diamond mine.
How do you break up a kimberlite?
Instead of crushing the kimberlite rock, the kimberlite can simply be soaked in water (with appropriate added salts), using the internal forces within the kimberlite to break it apart.
Can you find diamonds in quartz?
Diamonds can scratch every other mineral, but only diamonds can scratch diamonds. Quartz, the most likely mineral to be mistaken for diamonds in uncut rough form, ranks 7 on the Mohs Hardness Scale.
How do uncut diamonds look like?
On the other hand, raw diamonds are uncut and unpolished. In other words, they have not been altered or tampered with after they were discovered. Raw diamonds look like transparent stones with yellowish or brownish tints. There are some that are colorless but these are rare.
How can you tell if a diamond is in the ground?
Here are some tips to help you spot a real diamond:
- They do not look like the ads. Diamonds sold in stores are already cut and polished. …
- Check for their natural shine. Diamonds are literally brilliant. …
- Diamonds are rounded not edged. …
- Check for translucency. …
- Check for toughness.
How far down do I have to dig to find diamonds?
To find diamonds in “Minecraft,” you’ll need to dig down to at least layer 15, and use an iron pickaxe or better. You can see what layer you’re on by opening “Minecraft’s” debug menu, which will show your current coordinates. Diamonds can be used to craft some of the best weapons and armor in all of “Minecraft.”
What machinery is used to extract diamonds?
PROCESSING OF ORE TO EXTRACT ROUGH DIAMONDS
The primary crusher is responsible for reducing the size of the ore into smaller, more manageable pieces or chucks measuring no larger than 150mm. A secondary crusher, known as a roll-crusher, may also be used to reduce the size of the ore even further.
What does a diamond look like when it’s found?
Diamonds found at the Crater are typically smooth and well rounded. Their shape resembles a polished stone with smooth sides and rounded edges. Size: The average size of a diamond is about the size of a paper match head, approximately 20-25 points weight.
Where is kimberlite rock found?
Generally speaking, kimberlites are found only in cratons, the oldest surviving areas of continental crust, which form the nuclei of continental landmasses and have remained virtually unchanged since their formation eons ago.